BEIJING — Over the weekend, crowds packed a former industrial warehouse in Beijing as China Fashion Week got underway, with models strutting mask-less on a square runway and guests oblivious to social distancing norms.
Similarly vibrant scenes are being seen elsewhere in China as consumers return to cinemas, live performances, and restaurants.
To many, they indicate a late-summer recovery in Chinese household spending is broadening and propelling the next stage of the economic recovery.
“This August, sales in the domestic (apparel) market turned from negative to positive,” Zhang Qinghui, chairman of the China Fashion Designers Committee, told Reuters last week.
“I think the numbers for September, or even the fourth quarter, will be better.”
Sales of consumer goods, a proxy for consumption in China, rose across the board at the end of the third quarter, led by auto purchases, as household incomes returned to positive growth and employment conditions improved after being slammed by the COVID-19 pandemic.
The recovery made China a lone bright spot in the retail world and a major source of earnings for global consumer brands from Starbucks to Louis Vuitton.
Still, Chinese spending on services lagged that on goods, and sectors such as hospitality and catering sector fared particularly badly due to social distancing rules, restrictions on operating hours, and caps on capacity.
But with the easing of curbs gathering pace in the third quarter, the hospitality sector is poised to accelerate its recovery. Already, its contraction in output narrowed in the third quarter versus the previous three months.
“The services industry had been the most affected by COVID. Now, with restrictions being lifted, the industry is gradually emerging from its downturn, which would provide a strong boost to the broad recovery in the consumer market,” said Ernan Cui, analyst at Gavekal Dragonomics.
“We expect growth would return to pre-COVID levels by the end of the year.”
September’s retail sales growth was still a third of pre-COVID-19 levels, but economists expect the overall consumer market would stage a sharp rebound in coming months, after entertainment venues from cinemas to KTVs reopened in August.
On Oct. 1, the first day of the “Golden Week” holiday, China’s box office raked in 745 million yuan ($111.42 million), the highest single-day sales in 2020 and the second-best ever for the holiday.
And during the eight-day National Day break, China saw 637 million domestic tourists, though the number was only 79% of last year’s total.
“We’ve returned to our old habits,” said a 57-year-old Shanghai retiree surnamed Chen, who went on a 22-day self-drive tour in western Xinjiang region with her friends.
In Beijing, local rock bands have been playing to enthusiastic crowds each weekend at the Temple Bar nestled in Beijing’s many winding “hutong” alleyways, since the bar resumed such live gigs in September.
“Business is more or less back to pre-COVID levels,” said a staff at the bar. “All we need right now is a vaccine. With that, everything can truly return to normal.”
The return of spending is as vital to business-to-business companies as it is to consumer-facing businesses.
Benjamin Barthélémy, a Parisian who runs a film production studio in Beijing, said many small entertainment businesses had started recovering from COVID-19 in the past two months.
“Many, many meetings, many projects are coming back—it’s like the machine slowly restarts. Commercials for cars and for everything else are really good now,” Barthélémy said.
Next month, Tmall, Alibaba Group’s e-commerce marketplace, expects over 2,600 foreign brands—an all-time high—to take part in the annual online “Double 11” shopping festival with sales set for another record in its 12th year.
The booming online consumption is helped by an improving job market.
In the first nine months, China created 8.98 million urban jobs, nearly hitting the government’s full-year target of over 9 million. In the third quarter, household income growth turned positive, up 0.6% year-on-year.
For some sectors, the recovery has taken a different form.
Riviera Events, a Singapore-based event management company with branches across China, did not hold any virtual event before 2020.
Now, half of their events are online.
“For an industry that was so hard-hit, we’re lucky in some ways that the industry has rebounded in this way,” said Stephane de Montgros, co-founder of Riviera Events.
“We’re very hopeful that from the fourth quarter, the event industry in mainland China will be growing year-on-year.” — Stella Qiu and Ryan Woo/Reuters