TOURCOING, France — The European Union’s (EU) border-free Schengen area should be managed by regular ministerial meetings, just like the euro zone, French President Emmanuel Macron said on Wednesday, adding that this could start as early as next month.

National security concerns, waves of migration and, most recently, the coronavirus pandemic have led to the re-emergence of border controls in the Schengen zone and much criticism of how it functions, eroding what had been hailed as a milestone achievement in Europe’s post-World War Two integration.

Speaking to EU justice and interior ministers, Mr. Macron said what he dubbed the “Schengen Council” would evaluate how the border-free area was working but would also take joint decisions and facilitate coordination in times of crisis.

“This Council can become the face of a strong, protective Europe that is comfortable with controlling its borders and therefore its destiny,” he said in the northern French town of Tourcoing. He said its inaugural meeting could take place when the EU’s justice and home affairs ministers next gather, on March 3.

Such a proposal would need the support of other member states in the 27-nation bloc to take effect, though French officials say it would not require any change to EU treaties.

The EU has been deeply divided for years in its response to immigration and on how to police Schengen’s common external borders, and it remains to be seen how much France can achieve during its six-month presidency of the EU Council of Ministers — which mostly involves setting the agenda for meetings.

But Mr. Macron, who is all but certain to seek re-election as French president in April in a campaign largely dominated by security and identity issues, said he hoped that a step-by-step approach could win over a number of reluctant EU countries.

“We must reform Schengen,” he said. “There can be no freedom of movement if we do not control our external borders.”

France has also proposed an emergency response mechanism that could be triggered when the bloc’s external borders are under threat. — Reuters