WASHINGTON — President Joseph R. Biden, Jr., on Thursday urged local governments to pay people to get vaccinated against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and set new rules requiring federal workers to provide proof of vaccination or face regular testing, mask mandates, and travel restrictions.
The measures are Mr. Biden’s latest attempt to spur reluctant Americans to get vaccinated as the Delta variant of the coronavirus surges nationwide, infecting unvaccinated people in particular.
The United States lags other developed countries in vaccination rates, despite having plenty of free vaccines on hand. White House efforts to urge the hesitant to get vaccinated have hit a wall of anti-vaccine sentiment, misinformation, and political division.
Mr. Biden’s decision to require millions of federal workers and contractors to show proof of vaccination is a departure from a previous opposition to so-called vaccine passports. It shows the White House taking a tougher stance towards circumstances within Biden’s control as the virus spreads.
“Right now too many people are dying or watching someone they love die,” Mr. Biden told reporters at the White House.
“With freedom comes responsibility. So please exercise responsible judgment. Get vaccinated for yourself, the people you love, for your country.”
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), roughly 163.8 million people in the United States are fully vaccinated out of a population of some 330 million.
The federal government is the largest employer in the United States and Mr. Biden’s move could serve as an example for private businesses and other institutions to follow as they assess getting workers back into offices and workplaces.
Government employees who do not show they have been vaccinated will be subject to weekly or twice-weekly COVID-19 tests and restrictions on official travel.
The United States has about 2.18 million civilian employees and 570,000 other U.S. Postal Service (USPS) workers, according to 2020 data. The U.S. government employed 3.7 million contract employees as of 2017, a New York University study found. Postal workers are not affected by the new rules.
Mr. Biden also directed the Defense Department to look into “how and when” it will require members of the military to take the vaccine.
US Defense Secretary Lloyd J. Austin III, while traveling in Southeast Asia, said he would consult with his medical advisers and other senior military leaders and come up with a plan for the way ahead.
Mr. Austin did not give a timeline on how long it would take to look into the issue but he said the military would move as fast as possible.
Meanwhile state, local and US territorial governments will be able to dip into $350 billion in coronavirus aid to provide $100 payments for every newly vaccinated American to boost COVID-19 inoculation rates, the US Treasury Department said.
“I know that paying people to get vaccinated might sound unfair to folks who have gotten vaccinated already. But here’s the deal: if incentives help us beat this virus, I believe we should use them,” Mr. Biden said.
Mr. Biden’s pandemic strategy is coming under scrutiny as the Delta variant spreads and many Americans resist taking the vaccine.
Growing outbreaks could have an impact on the strong economic recovery. The US economy grew at an annualized rate of 6.5 percent in the last quarter, the government said on Thursday.
Another issue is how the surge in infections affects efforts to get children back into schools in the fall.
“We can and we must open schools this fall, full time,” Mr. Biden said. “We can’t afford another year out of the classroom.”
Mr. Biden pressed school districts to hold at least one “pop-up vaccination clinic” in the coming weeks to get children aged 12 and older vaccinated.
The White House also said small- and medium-sized businesses will be reimbursed for offering their workers paid time off to get children and other family members vaccinated.
The National Treasury Employees Union, which has 150,000 federal employees in 34 departments and agencies, said it encouraged its members to get vaccinated but had questions about how the new rules Mr. Biden laid out would be implemented.
“We will work to ensure employees are treated fairly and this protocol does not create an undue burden on them,” the union’s president, Tony Reardon, said in a statement.
The International Federation of Professional and Technical Engineers, which has 90,000 members including some 30,000 NASA engineers and other skilled federal workers, said it supported a COVID-19 vaccine mandate for federal workers.
“We don’t want any more of our members dying,” the union’s president, Paul Shearon, said in a statement. — Steve Holland, Jeff Mason, and David Shepardson/Reuters