In light of the implementation of various community quarantine measures brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, many business establishments were either prevented from operating or permitted with limited operational capacity. As a result, many entrepreneurs incurred significant financial losses. Due to the uncertainty of the resolution of the pandemic, and to thwart further losses, many businesses were constrained to cease their operation and finally close.
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a novel and highly infectious disease which was unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China last December. However, in 2020, the rapid spread of the contagious disease claimed thousands of lives worldwide causing global alarm and pandemonium. Thus, on March 11, the World Health Organization was constrained to characterize COVID-19 as a pandemic.
The never-ending tug of war between management prerogative and labor rights has long been recognized in our jurisdiction. While it may be true that the constitutional bias has always been in favor of the working class, it cannot be denied that management also has its own rights which are limited by labor laws, as well as principles of equity and substantial justice.