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The Philippines is vulnerable to natural calamities due to its geographical location. The archipelago is frequently exposed to the devastating effects of natural disasters like typhoons, earthquakes, and -- from time to time – volcanic eruptions.
Among all the internal revenue taxes imposed in the Philippines, estate tax is arguably one of the most neglected. It is not uncommon to see estate taxes remain unpaid for several years after the death of the decedent until the heirs see the need to transfer the inherited property. These properties then remain idle with their economic benefit unutilized.
We regularly hear and read about hacks, security breaches and similar cybersecurity incidents that expose vulnerabilities in corporate and government digital security systems. The reality is that most companies and organizations lack the internal cybersecurity expertise and capability to combat external threats, which lead them to seek external solutions.
Whenever the calendar year winds down, many among us find it an opportune moment to reflect and reevaluate the last 12 months. We recall the challenges we faced, revisit the dramatic changes in the business landscape, and ponder how we, as individuals and organizations, have grown and evolved. We have seen how companies have shifted their focus to global trends and technologies, how people are taking on new jobs that didn’t even exist a few years ago, and how the challenges of sustainable development have become the top priority for organizations.
While digital transformation is one of today’s most frequently-used buzzwords, the concept itself is constantly transforming. This is because every digital transformation journey is different for every company, and it can be difficult to have a single definition that applies to all.
This article applies to US citizens, US nationals and their employers, the latter to ensure US Federal tax compliance. “Seriously Delinquent” tax debts can cause suspension, denial, or nonrenewal of US Passports.
Realizing growth is a challenge for all entrepreneurs who dream of creating and scaling their startups into tomorrow’s multinational corporations. However, early successes in the fast-paced initial phase of development do not necessarily guarantee an enduring competitive advantage and business sustainability. What then sets apart market-leading entrepreneurs from those who failed?
Wider corporate reporting is being promoted as a means to improve corporate governance, as stated by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) Chairman Hans Hoogervorst in his speech in Tokyo on Aug. 29, 2018. The IASB chair admitted that financial reporting has its limitations and cannot adequately capture certain elements that might be important to stakeholders, such as the intangibles that are vital to the company’s business model and its strategy for long-term value creation. Financial statements are essentially backward-looking reports that contain limited forward-looking information, which means that in their current state, financial statements do not address emerging sustainability issues that might impact a company’s future cash flow.
With the dizzying speed of digital disruption occurring in the global business environment, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are increasingly realizing the urgent need to explore digitalization. Incorporating digitalization in their business will help expand and create new sources of value for their enterprises to remain competitive and relevant to their markets.
The rules of business have changed. Gone are the days when business leaders had the luxury of time to ponder significant business decisions and make momentous changes to their organizations or processes. Now, businesses are transacting and making decisions practically in real time, which also necessitates that businesses manage risks and leverage opportunities with speed, accuracy and efficiency.
In the previous article, we discussed the salient points of the excise tax on Sweetened Beverages (SBs), the costs associated with its implementation, compliance with applicable regulations, and the applicability of the Prior Disclosure Program (PDP) to importers of SBs. In this second part of the article, we will examine some business considerations which importers as well as producers in the SB industry should consider, including possible opportunities brought about by the new excise tax law.
When Republic Act No. 10963 or the Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) Law took effect on Jan. 1, 2018, it introduced Section 150–B of the Tax Code, which imposes excise tax on manufacturers and importers of Sweetened Beverages (SBs). This article specifically covers importers of SBs.
With the emergence of threats or opportunities brought about by disruption in business, many organizations are being forced to not only reshape their business model and priorities, but also their operating model and business practices.
Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) had been gaining propulsion globally for many years. Locally however, since the introduction of REITs a decade ago, industry players have yet to launch the first such offering to the public. Recently, there have been positive regulatory developments that are expected to provide an attractive landscape for potential players to proceed. While it is true that there are many opportunities in this field, players must find ways to operate within the regulatory framework, allocate the asset portfolio effectively, comply with governance requirements, and adapt to continuing industry disruption.
In the first part of this article, we highlighted the current state of Interbank Offered Rates (IBORs), the factors behind the shift from IBORs to Alternate Reference Rates (ARRs), and the top 10 challenges to be faced in transitioning to the ARRs. In this second part, we will delve into the key operational, financial and accounting considerations that come along with the imminent discontinuation of IBORs.
In the first part of this article, we covered Republic Act 112321 or the Revised Corporation Code of the Philippines (RCC), which redefined the corporate rules to promote ease and flexibility in doing business, as well as take full advantage of technological innovation.
For nearly 40 years, Batas Pambansa 68 or the old Corporation Code governed the way corporations operate in the Philippines. While the Code has been interpreted by jurisprudence and has been complemented by the Securities Regulations Code (SRC), the Revised Code of Corporate Governance, and the Foreign Investments Act, among others, it has taken nearly four decades to overhaul its provisions.
Every business aims to minimize disruption in its operations. For importers, effective and efficient supply chain management is vital to ensuring business performance targets are achieved. These enterprises heavily rely on the smooth and free flow of imported goods for use in their operations, be they for manufacturing or retail. As such, any risk of a freeze in movement or seizure of goods which may arise from the Bureau of Customs’ (BoC) exercise of police authority is potentially troublesome.
New platforms and drivers of productivity are creating new possibilities at unprecedented speeds, with steady advances in robotics, cognitive technologies and intelligent automation. To remain relevant and competitive, businesses are looking to implement digital strategies to keep up with the speed of change.
In 2017, EY launched a Worldwide Indirect Tax Developments Map. It is a tool designed to track changes occurring around the world in value added tax (VAT), goods and services tax (GST) and other sales taxes, global trade, excise and other indirect taxes. Initially, the team gathered 400 records for VAT/GST and sales taxes from across the globe and noted an average of 30 to 40 changes per month. Based on these developments, five key VAT trends for succeeding years were identified:
Traditionally, credit is extended to customers based on a credit score. Lenders such as banks, credit card companies and other financial institutions assess creditworthiness using information from credit bureaus and their own databases. The traditional credit-scoring process usually verifies customers’ identity and assesses their ability and willingness to pay. The ability to pay is based on current income and outstanding debt, and willingness to pay is based on past credit performance.
The new Charter of the Social Security System (SSS) took effect on March 5 with the passage into law of Republic Act (RA) No. 11199 or the “Social Security Act of 2018.”
We continue to see how technology disrupts traditional business models, resulting in new trends, products, and services, as well as how it dramatically transforms customer behaviors. Technology and innovation are considered great enablers, with the potential to rapidly remake the way we live, work and play. Yet, nearly all of today’s greatest disruptions have one common element -- at their very core, these innovations are again empowering people.
In line with efforts to better protect minority investors and improve corporate governance, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) now requires Publicly-Listed Companies (PLCs) to disclose dealings with their related parties. SEC Memorandum Circular No. 10 provides the rules on reporting material related party transactions (RPT) and the minimum requirements in drafting the RPT policies of PLCs.
Established in 2015, the ASEAN Economic Community promotes the significant growth and potential of the region’s emerging economies. Key drivers of emerging economies are small and medium enterprises (SMEs). However, with rapid digitalization occurring across almost all business sectors, ASEAN SMEs are increasingly looking to transform their enterprises. SMEs are considering tapping into digital trends to further grow and strengthen their competitive edge as well as making use of emerging technologies to maintain their profitability.
Taxpayers are sometimes reluctant to file VAT refund claims because it triggers a mandatory VAT audit, not to mention the need to submit voluminous of documents and the uncertainty of when the processing will be completed. Any delay in the processing of a VAT refund claim may cause cash flow problems to the claimant because the input VAT remains unutilized when it could have been invested or used as working capital.
With the fast-paced development of technology, the fourth industrial revolution is reshaping nearly every aspect of business. We often read about how technology and disruption are transforming critical business functions, and one such function that needs to keep up is human resources or HR. More and more, the HR function needs to explore how new solutions, trends and technologies (such as automation) can have a direct impact on productivity.
In February, President Rodrigo R. Duterte signed into law Republic Act No. 11213, “An Act Enhancing Revenue Administration and Collection by Granting an Amnesty on All Unpaid Internal Revenue Taxes Imposed by the National Government for Taxable Year 2017 and Prior Years with Respect to Estate Tax, Other Internal Revenue Taxes, and Tax on Delinquencies.” However, it was signed with certain line item vetoes including the grant of a general tax amnesty which was vetoed in its entirety.
Since 2016, the Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC) and its supervisory agencies have issued significant updates and tightened anti-money laundering (AML) and counter terrorist financing (CTF) regulations in the Philippines, aligning them closer with international standards.
When we talk about cybersecurity, we usually think of information technology systems that manage and access data. But there’s another side of technology that is often overlooked by enterprise security processes -- the industrial control systems that handle physical processes through monitoring or direct control, such as valves, pumps and similar systems that have a physical “switching” function. The reason for this is that most of these systems have traditionally been isolated from corporate information networks, operated separately as they have functions outside of processing data -- such as regulating power or water flow for utilities companies, the control network of a train system, or medical scanning equipment in a health care entity.
The global business environment continues to evolve at a rapid pace, with factors such as globalization and technology disrupting traditional roles, processes and operations. One of these areas is in the tax landscape, where the changes are fundamentally and permanently changing how tax professionals operate.
In recent years, the Philippine banking ecosystem has undergone rapid digital transformation driven by sweeping technological advances. The Philippine Banking Almanac states that the Philippine banking industry started as a government venture to provide deposit services and fund production in the agricultural and commercial industries. That was 160 years ago and since then, the industry has evolved to include various aspects of financing, up to the ubiquitous digital systems that are now used all over the world. This is no surprise since the banking industry has always been characterized by continuous, customer-driven innovation.
On Feb. 14, the President signed into law Republic Act No. 11213 or the Tax Amnesty Act of 2019 (RA 11213). The law provides for estate tax amnesty and tax amnesty on delinquencies. In this article, we will zoom in on the tax amnesty on delinquencies.
Big data is starting to become a cliché among business executives, given that almost everyone is now leveraging big data in decision making. “Big data” was defined in 2012 by Gartner (a global research and advisory firm) as “high-volume, high-velocity and/or high-variety information assets that demand cost-effective, innovative forms of information processing that enable enhanced insight, decision making, and process automation.”
Traditionally, businesses have used the term “markets” to refer to economies. Hence the terms “developed market” or “emerging market” are usually associated with countries at a certain level of development. However, given the changing times and consumer paradigms, businesses may need to shift their focus to smaller “markets.” Cities, for example, are expected to grow further. A United Nations study projects that by 2050, 68% of the world’s populations will live in urban areas, with corresponding effects on infrastructure and the environment, as well as consumption behaviors.
Every two years, the Entrepreneur Of The Year (EOY) Philippines program stages a road show to announce the start of the nomination period for entrepreneurship awards. In our recent road shows in Cebu and Davao, the local reporters were curious to know our observations on entrepreneurship in the country since we launched the awards in 2003. This was a good point to reflect on after 16 years of celebrating the best among Filipino entrepreneurs.
The new lease standard under Philippine Financial Reporting Standard (PFRS) 16 has been effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2019.
In the first part of this article, we discussed some of the environmental consequences brought on by the rapid increase of infrastructure and economic development in the country. Although the Philippines maintains the lowest ecological footprint in ASEAN, growing overconsumption, unregulated production, and waste mismanagement all contribute to the environmental burden on the land.
The Philippines’ GDP growth has maintained a relatively stable upward trend over the last decade. Regionally, the archipelago continues to outpace most of its neighbors, maintaining an average annual growth rate of six to seven percent in the last seven years. The driving force behind this economic and developmental progress is the reinvigoration of the national government’s investment in public works, health and education infrastructure, and improved public financial management. However, the effort and resources expended towards the modernization and overall development of the Philippines still falls short in one key consideration -- climate and environmental resilience and the sustainability of these infrastructural pursuits, and of the overall development and growth path of the country in its entirety.