KUALA LUMPUR — Malaysia’s central bank kept its key interest rate unchanged on Tuesday, as expected, expressing confidence that the economy can stay on a “steady growth path” despite multiple risks.
Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) left the overnight policy rate at 3.25%.
At that level, it said, monetary accommodativeness “is consistent with the intended policy stance.”
All 13 economists polled by Reuters had forecast BNM would hold its benchmark rate.
BNM raised its key rate in January 2018 by 25 basis points to “normalize” monetary policy. It was the first increase since 2014, and the first rate change since July 2016’s 25 basis point cut on uncertainty surrounding Britain’s Brexit vote.
The central bank outlined continued risks from unresolved trade tensions, heightened uncertainties on the global and domestic fronts and prolonged weakness in commodity-related sectors.
“Support from the external sector is expected to soften, in tandem with the moderating global growth momentum,” it said.
Malaysia’s full-year 2018 growth was 4.7%, just below the government’s 4.8% forecast but far below 2017’s 5.9%.
The government forecasts 2019 growth of 4.9%.
Malaysia reported better-than-expected export growth of 3.1% in January, but it was slower than the previous month on falling palm oil shipments.
Demand for Malaysian exports has been resilient, but the US-China trade war remains a major factor that could weigh on Malaysia’s growth, economists say.
Views on the course ahead for interest rates vary.
Julia Goh, a Malaysia-based economist with UOB Bank, said Tuesday’s statement had “a stable tone, although we sense a little bit of a dovish growth outlook” depending on how the United States-China trade dispute plays out.
Capital Economics said BNM may need to cut its rate in the third quarter as the country faces weak price pressures and a poor growth outlook.
Growth is expected to slow to 4% this year, “with weaker exports and tighter fiscal policy likely to act as the main drags on the economy,” the consultancy said in a note.
“We think it is only a matter of time before the central bank starts to loosen monetary policy.”
OCBC, in a note before Tuesday’s decision, said it sees BNM as “static for 2019, even if a preference for a more dovish policy inclination may start to emerge”.
The central bank expects inflation to be broadly stable compared to last year, dependent on global oil prices.
Full-year headline inflation rose 1.0% in 2018. The consumer price index fell 0.7% in January from a year earlier, the first decline since November 2009. — Reuters