Inflation eases to six-month low in May

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The overall increase in prices of widely used goods and services eased to a six-month low in May, the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) reported this morning.

May saw headline inflation slow further to 2.1% from 2.2% in April and 3.2% a year ago, preliminary PSA data showed.

The May result fell within the 1.9%-2.7% forecast range of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas for that month, but was lower than the 2.2% median estimate of a BusinessWorld poll of 17 economists conducted late last week. This also marked the lowest since November 2019’s 1.3%.

So far, headline inflation averaged 2.5%, still within the BSP’s 2%-4% target band for the entire 2020 as well as its projection of 1.75%-3.75% when taking account of the pandemic.

Stripping out volatile items such as food and fuel prices, core inflation remained unchanged at 2.9% in May. From January to May, it averaged 3.1%.


The PSA said the May slowdown was “mainly driven” by the transport index, which posted an annual decline of 5.6%. This was, however, slower than the revised 6.2% decline recorded in the sector in April.

The PSA also noted slower annual increases in food and non-alcoholic beverages (2.9% from 3.4% in April); clothing and footwear (2.4% from 2.6%); furnishing, household equipment and routine maintenance of the house (4.1% from 4.2%); and recreation and culture (1.4% from 1.6%).

“On the contrary, a higher annual increase of 18.0 percent was noted in the index of alcoholic beverages and tobacco [from 17.9% the previous month]. The indices of the rest of the commodity groups such as housing, water, electricity, gas, and other fuels; health; communication; education; and restaurant and miscellaneous goods and services retained their previous month’s annual growth rates,” the PSA said. – Mark T. Amoguis