SALARY inequality persisted in the agricultural sector between male and female workers except in Southern Luzon and Davao despite a rise in the overall wage rate, the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) said, citing the findings of a survey.
In a statement Wednesday, PSA said: “The country’s nominal wage rate of agricultural workers in 2018 averaged P306.28 per day. Male farm workers were paid P310.16 per day, higher than the wage rate of female farm workers at P285.51 per day.”
This was a finding of the “2018 Agricultural Wage Rate Survey (AWRS)” study. The survey took in input from 5,582 households which hired farm workers in four major crops: palay, corn, coconut, and sugarcane.
The nominal wage rate of P306.28 was higher compared to the 2017 rate of P280.37 daily but inequality between female and male farm workers’ pay was also evident, with men being paid P284.72 in 2017 compared to the women’s P255.80.
PSA also reported that lower wages for female farm workers was the norm in all regions except Region 4-A (Calabarzon consisting of Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon) and Region 11 (Davao Region).
Female Calabarzon farm workers earned P376.84 while men earn P373.82. In the Davao Region, the nominal wage for female farm workers was P328.88 and P293.02 for men. Calabarzon also had the highest recorded nominal wage value for women workers among all the regions.
The lowest wage rate for women in agriculture was P237.14 in Region 7 (Central Visayas), where men earned P269.74.
PSA also reported across out of all the major crops, palay farm workers had the highest wages compared to the other three studied with P324.81 compared to the P264.29 of corn farm workers; P317.27 of coconut farm workers; and P273.38 of sugarcane workers.
Pay rates among the four major crops also reflected gender disparities: In the rice industry, men were paid P329.86 and women P300.36. In the coconut industry, men were paid P317.62 and women P296.98. In the sugarcane industry, men were paid P276.15 and women P256.25. In the corn industry, men were paid were P269.23 and women P249.70. — Gillian M. Cortez