ITALIAN film icon Gina Lollobrigida poses near two of her sculptures in her villa in southern Rome, Dec. 7, 2006. — REUTERS

ROME — Gina Lollobrigida, who has died at the age of 95, shot to fame in the 1950s as a sultry Mediterranean sex symbol, then became a photographer and sculptor after stepping away from the movie world.

“La Lollo” as she was affectionately known in Italy, died in a Rome clinic, her former lawyer, Giulia Citani said.

At the height of her fame in the 1950s and 1960s, Ms. Lollobrigida was an internationally recognized epitome of Italian post-war cinema, rivalled only by Sophia Loren.

Tempestuous and impulsive by nature, she made headlines again in 2006, when, at age 79, she announced that she would marry a man 34 years her junior. She later called off the wedding, blaming the media for spoiling it.

“All my life I wanted a real love, an authentic love, but I have never had one. No one has ever truly loved me. I am a cumbersome woman,” she told an interviewer when she was 80.

Born to a working-class family in a poor mountainous area east of Rome, she studied sculpture then got her break in the film world after finishing third in the 1947 Miss Italia beauty contest. (The winner that year was Lucia Bose.)

One of her earliest performances was as Gemma, the unhappy adulteress in the 1953 film by director Mario Soldati The Wayward Wife (La Provinciale).

She burst to fame in Italy with the leading roles in two Italian comedies by Luigi Comencini — Bread, Love and Dreams, and Bread, Love and Jealousy.

A role opposite Humphrey Bogart in John Huston’s 1954 film Beat the Devil, sealed her worldwide fame and in 1955 she made what became one of her signature films, The World’s Most Beautiful Woman.

She was also directed by other film luminaries such as Rene Clair and Carol Reed.

But despite playing opposite other American stars such as Humphrey Bogart, Rock Hudson, Burt Lancaster, Tony Curtis and Frank Sinatra, becoming one of the most recognizable cinema icons of the 1950s and ’60s, she never clicked with Hollywood and preferred to work closer to home, making films throughout the 1960s with directors such as Mario Bolognini.

Perhaps her last well-known movie was Buona Sera, Mrs. Campbell, a farce by director Melvin Frank which also starred Phil Silvers, Peter Lawford, and Telly Savalas. In it, she played Carla, an Italian woman who had affairs with three American soldiers during World War II and meets them all again during a squadron reunion 20 years later.

Born on July 4, 1927, Ms. Lollobrigida fled the rural area of her birth with her family during World War II and was later sent to the Academy of Fine Arts in the capital to complete her education.

She first earned her living as a model for fotoromanzi, the photographic novels avidly read in Italy, using the stage name Diana Loris.

Ms. Lollobrigida accompanied her success on the screen with a hectic, often turbulent life that provided a rich source for Italian paparazzi and gossip writers.

She tried to guard her private life, retreating to an isolated villa on Rome’s ancient Appian Way, which was decorated with her own sculptures and paintings as well art she collected on her world travels.

In 1950 she married Yugoslav emigré doctor Milko Skofic, who became her manager. They couple had one son, Milko Junior.

They separated after nearly 17 years, and Ms. Lollobrigida said later she had no intention of remarrying. “Marriages are boring and almost always like funerals, and couples so often restrict each other too much,” she said.

However in 2006, when she was 79, she announced her intention to marry Javier Rigau, a Spaniard 34 years her junior with whom she had a confidential close friendship for years.

Months later, she called off the wedding, saying that the media coverage had ruined her life with “endless attacks, slander and violence.”

She blasted the Spanish media for attacking Mr. Rigau as an opportunist.

“In a way I feel responsible that he (Rigau) suffered all this because he is linked to me,” she told Reuters in an interview. “I am more used to having falsehoods written about me.”

During a trip to the United States, she asked the American Congress to pass stricter laws protecting the privacy of people from intrusion by the media.

“The law must stop the media from continuing this absurd behavior,” she said at the time.

Last September, she failed in a bid to win a seat in the Italian parliament for a leftist political party at national elections.

A spokesperson for Sophia Loren, a superstar diva in her own right in Italy’s heady post-war years, said Ms. Loren, 88, was “very shocked and saddened” by Ms. Lollobrigida’s death.

“La Loren” and “La Lollo” had an ongoing rivalry in the 1950s and 1960, much of it encouraged, and some say even at least partly invented, by publicity agents.

“Farewell to a diva of the big screen, protagonist of more than half a century of the Italian film history. Her charm will remain immortal. Ciao Lollo,” Italian culture minister Gennaro Sangiuliano wrote on Twitter.

When she stopped making films, Ms. Lollobrigida developed new careers as a photographer and sculptor and was also a goodwill ambassador for the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and its Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

Between 1972 and 1994 she published six books of her photographs, including Italia Mia (My Italy), The Philippines, and the Wonder of Innocence, photographs of and for children.

“Children with their big wide-open eyes question us. Their looks should help us to forsake selfishness that undoubtedly leaves our hearts quite bare,” she wrote in its introduction.

In 1975 she made a documentary film Portrait of Fidel Castro, and for years was surrounded by rumors that she had an affair with the Cuban leader.

One of her last appearances was a cameo in an Italian film in 2011.

In her later years she returned to her first love, sculpting, keeping a summer home in the Tuscan city of Pietrasanta, an artist’s colony where she kept a sculptor’s studio and worked with sculptors such as Bottero.

In an interview with Reuters in the Rome villa in 2006, she complained about intrusive photographers, saying they were still trying to invade her privacy.

She had a one-woman show in Pietrasanta in 2008 and dedicated it to her friend, the late opera singer Maria Callas.

Exhibitions of her marble and bronze statues were also held in Paris, Moscow, and the United States.

When asked how she felt turning 90 in 2017, she said it was feeling like “30 plus 30 plus 30.”

In 2013, when she was 85, an auction of her jewelry by Sotheby’s in Geneva fetched $4.9 million and set a record for a pair of diamond and pearl earrings, which sold for $2.37 million. The proceeds went to stem cell research.

“Jewels are meant to give pleasure and for many years I had enormous pleasure wearing mine,” she said. “Selling my jewels to help raise awareness of stem cell therapy, which can cure so many illnesses, seems to me a wonderful use to which to put them.” — Reuters