ABUJA/SEOUL — Secretary of State Rex W. Tillerson said the US expects North Korea to be in direct touch after President Donald J. Trump agreed to Kim Jong Un’s invitation to meet, urging patience as preparations for the potentially historic handshake are worked out.
“We’ve not heard anything directly back from North Korea, although we expect to hear something directly from them,” Mr. Tillerson said in Abuja, Nigeria, in response to a reporter’s question about the timing and location of the meeting. “I know those are all questions that people are anxious to have answers to. I would say just remain patient and we’ll see what happens.”
Mr. Tillerson’s remarks that these things take time contrast with Mr. Trump’s on-the-spot acceptance of Mr. Kim’s invitation when South Korea’s national security adviser informed him about it at the White House last week. Mr. Trump dispensed with decades of US foreign policy orthodoxy with his decision, particularly given that the North Korean leader made only a vague offer — conveyed via a South Korean delegation that visited him — to discuss giving up his nuclear weapons program.
The decision to meet drew support from countries seeking to defuse tensions between North Korea and the US, along with warnings that Mr. Kim may be playing for more time to develop his weapons while seeking relief from US-led international sanctions.
Mr. Tillerson has been working the issue several time zones ahead of the American East Coast during a five-nation swing through sub-Saharan Africa. Dealing with the North Korea issue is one reason he decided Monday to cut short the trip by a day and return home. Mr. Trump’s announcement has raised speculation about whether the meeting will actually go ahead, what North Korea will demand from the US and even where the two leaders might meet.
‘NOTHING’S BEEN AGREED’
“Nothing’s been agreed and I don’t want to start floating ideas out through the media,” Mr. Tillerson said in Abuja alongside Foreign Minister Geoffrey Onyeama. “I think it’s going to be very important that those kind of conversations are held quietly through the two parties.”
Still, Mr. Tillerson provided a few more specifics to reporters on the flight back from Nigeria. He said Russia, China and Japan would all have a stake in the discussions, and that the meeting is about the two men “getting a sense of one another” to see if there’s a will for structured negotiations.
“I think we’re going to be wanting to find a nice neutral site where both parties will feel confident,” Mr. Tillerson said. “I have a lot of confidence in my ability to create the conditions for successful negotiations between two very disparate parties.”
In New York on Monday, National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster briefed United Nations Security Council ambassadors and told reporters afterward that the US would keep up its campaign of maximum pressure on North Korea until “we see words matched with deeds and real progress toward denuclearization.”
US Ambassador Nikki Haley said that sanctions “have helped bring North Korea” to the negotiating table.
Among the unverified reports so far is that Mr. Kim hopes to sign a peace treaty with Mr. Trump — a long-held goal of the North Korean regime since the Korean War never officially ended.
Mr. Kim is likely to raise the possibility of such a treaty along with establishing diplomatic relations and moving toward nuclear disarmament, during a meeting with the American president, the Dong-A Ilbo newspaper said Monday, citing an unidentified senior official in South Korea’s presidential office.
Koh Yu-hwan, who teaches North Korean studies at Dongguk University in Seoul, said the regime has long sought a treaty to formally conclude the state of war and help guarantee its safety.
“There were agreements between the US and North Korea to open up discussion on a peace treaty, but they never materialized,” Mr. Koh said, saying the conditions were key. “The US wants a peace treaty at the end of the denuclearization process, while for the North, it’s the precondition for its denuclearization.”
Signing a treaty would require addressing issues regarding the US military’s presence in South Korea and its transfer of wartime operational control to South Korea and United Nations forces there, Mr. Koh said.
South Korean President Moon Jae-in has accepted Mr. Kim’s offer to meet near their shared border next month, a meeting in which Mr. Kim was expected to suggest resuming cultural exchanges and family reunions. That session will provide more insight for the Trump-Kim meeting that South Korean National Security Council chief Chung Eui-yong said would take place by May.
The US and South Korea are also discussing how to conduct upcoming military drills in a way that won’t provoke Mr. Kim, whose government views the exercises as a rehearsal for war. The allies had agreed to delay the drills until after the Winter Paralympics end later this month. The South Koreans who met with Mr. Kim said he accepts that the next round of joint exercises will go ahead.
The US is unlikely to deploy an aircraft carrier, which is considered a “strategic asset,” during the drills, the Yonhap News Agency reported Monday. The South Korean Defense Ministry declined to comment on the planned drills. — Bloomberg